Romania

Did you know...

  • Danube River ends its journey of almost 1864 miles through Europe in south-eastern Romania. Here the river divides into 3 frayed branches (Chilia, Sulina, Sfântu Gheorghe) forming the Danube Delta. It is the newest land in the country and the best preserved Delta in the world.
  • Although not as high as the Alps, the Carpathian Mountains extend over 600 miles in Romania, in the shape of an arch.
  • 98% of Romania's rivers spring from the Carpathian Mountains. The upper streams are usually more spectacular, featuring numerous gorges, caves and precipices.
  • The Romanian Black Sea Coast stretches a little over 150 miles. Its wide, sandy beaches facing east and south-east become a major tourist attraction from May until September.
  • There are around 3,500 lakes in Romania, most of them small or medium.
  • Due to its varied terrain and climate Romania has a diverse flora and fauna.
  • Over 3,700 species of plants and 33,792 species of animals can be found in Romania. 
  • Romania has the most beautiful waterfall in the world. Bigăr Cascade Falls in Caraș-Severin has been voted as number one by The World Geography.
  • Romania was a source of inspiration for two very famous novels: “The Castle in the Carpathians” by Jules Verne, and “Dracula” by Bram Stoker.
  • Peleș Castle was the first European castle entirely lit by electrical current. The castle’s central heating system, built in 1888, is still functional and in use today.
  • Europe’s second largest underground glacier, the Scărișoara glacier, is found underneath the Bihor Mountains in Romania.
  • The archetypal vampire Count Dracula, created by Bram Stoker, was inspired by the Romanian prince Vlad Tepes, also known as Vlad the Impaler because he was fond of impaling his enemies and standing them along the roads.
  • The Romanian language is 1,700 years old.
  • The statue of Dacian king Decebal, carved in the rocky bank of the Danube River, is the tallest rock sculpture in Europe (135 feet tall).
  • The Romanian Palace of Parliament in Bucharest is the second largest building in the world, next only to the Pentagon in the United States.
  • The first perfect 10 in the Olympic Games was given to Romanian gymnast Nadia Comăneci. She bagged the score after her performance in Montreal, Canada in 1976.
  • Romania is Europe’s richest country in gold resources.
  • Romania’s Astra Museum in Sibiu is the second-largest outdoor museum in the world. It features more than 300 buildings as well as watermills and windmills, gigantic presses for wine, fruit and oil, hydraulic forges and more.
  • The Romanian “Merry Cemetery” of Săpânța, a tiny village in the Valley of Maramureș is unlike any other cemetery in the world, presenting a very unusual and different way to look at death. Each of its gravestones is carved in cheerful colors and darkly-humorous poems that offer a glimpse into the lives of the dead.
  • Romania gave birth to some extraordinary scientists and engineers, who have actually changed the world: Nicolae Constantin Paulescu – discoverer of insulin; Henri Coandă - inventor of the modern jet engine; Eugen Pavel – inventor of Hyper CD-ROM; Aurel Persu – the first engineer and car designer to build a car with the wheels inside its aerodynamic line; Petrache Poenaru – inventor of fountain pen; Emil Racoviță – founder of biospeleology (the study of organisms living in caves).
  • The largest population of brown bears lives in Romania.
  • Timișoara was the first city lit by electric street lamps in continental Europe.
  • Romania has the world’s most beautiful road - the Transfăgărășan highway.
  • The country has four Nobel prize laureates: George Emil Palade (medicine), Elie Wiesel (peace), Herta Müller (literature) and Stefan Hell (chemistry).
  • Romania has seven Unesco World Heritage Sites, including the eight churches of northern Moldavia, covered in wonderful frescos (the Voroneț Monastery has been dubbed Romania’s Sistine Chapel), and the wooden churches of Maramureş, of which there is also eight, including Sapanta Peri, which claims to be the tallest wooden church in the world. 
  • Bucharest is also called “The Little Paris.” The city’s Arch of Triumph,was constructed in 1935 to be modeled after the Arc de Triomphe in Paris.
  • Places to visit: Bran Castle, Peleș Castle, Corvin Castle, Poenari Castle, Turda Saline, Bâlea Lake, Vidraru Lake, Poiana Brașov, The Iron Gates, Merry Cemetery, Voroneț Monastery, Cozia Monastery, Prislop Monastery, Timișoara Orthodox Cathedral, Brukenthal National Museum, Bucegi Natural Park, The Bear’s Cave, Woman’s Cave, Scărișoara Cave.